The Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary
4th Glorious Mystery of the Rosary
Solemnity - 15 August
Pope Francis's words on this feast day in: 2015, 2014 & 2013.
Papa Benedict XVI's words on this feast day in: 2012, 2011, 2010, 2009, 2008, 2007, 2006 & 2005.
Saint John Paul II's words on this feast day in: 2004 (in Lourdes), 2003, 2002, 2001, Great Jubilee 2000, 1999, 1998, 1997, 1996, 1995, 1994, 1993 (at WYD Denver), 1992, 1991 (at WYD Czestochowa), 1990, 1989, 1988, 1987, 1986, 1985 (in Kinshasa), 1984, 1983 (in Lourdes), 1982, 1981, 1980 & 1979.
Pope St John Paul II was a pilgrim to Lourdes for this beautiful feast day in 1983 & 2004 (his last pilgrimage abroad). He also celebrated the Assumption of our Mother Mary with 100s of 1000s of young people at 2 World Youth Days: at the Marian Shrine of Czestochowa in Poland for WYD 1991 & in Denver, USA, for WYD 1993.
Pope Pius XII defined the dogma of the Assumption in Deiparae Virginis Mariae & Munificentissimus Deus. JPII & BXVI have given catecheses on the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary.
JPII gave us his apostolic exhortation on St Joseph on this feast day in 1989.
3 2us by Fr Iain Matthew OCD
"Mary's assumption into heaven, as well as speaking of her littleness, also speaks of humanity's greatness. St John of the Cross has a phrase that God rejects nothing that is human, nor excludes anything human from this love: to love the Lord your God with all your heart and all your soul and all your mind. Everything human, soul and body, is fit for the glory of God. And Mary's assumption, soul and body, is a declaration that we - spirit, mind, heart, and body, this body that is so easily idolised or mistreated or kicked around in our world, is meant for glory, is sacred, is good. To be assumed into heaven means to be taken into the fullness of love.'
3 2us by Fr William Pearsall SJ
"From the village girl of Nazareth to this wonderful Queen of Heaven, this is the story of the hidden glory of God and of the divine in all of his children, made real of course in this one perfect example held up to us. So this is a celebration not only of Mary, the one we love so dearly, but also of the whole of the Christian Church and, for that reason, very often the theology of the Blessed Virgin Mary will be linked directly to the theology of the Church, that is ecclesiology, our understanding of the Church, because what the Church says about Mary is what the Church proclaims about the work of redemption."
The Assumption of Mary, a truth of faith
Catechesis with St JPII
"So it was that in May 1946 with the encyclical Deiparae Virginis Mariae Pius XII initiated a broad consultation, questioning the Bishops and, through them, the clergy and the people of God, about the possibility and opportunity of defining the bodily assumption of Mary as a dogma of faith. The feedback was widely positive: only six responses out of 1181 showed any reservations about the revealed character of this truth.
Citing this data, the Bull Munificentissimus Deus affirms: "The universal consensus of the Church's ordinary Magisterium provides a certain and solid argument to prove that the bodily Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into heaven ... is a truth revealed by God, and should thus be firmly and faithfully believed by all the children of the Church" (AAS 42 , 757).
The definition of the dogma, in the wake of the universal faith of the people of God, definitively excludes every doubt and postulates the express adherence of all Christians.
After having underlined the Church’s actual faith in the Assumption, the Bull recalls the scriptural basis for this truth.
The New Testament, while not explictly affirming the Assumption of Mary, offers a foundation because it strongly emphasizes the perfect union of the Holy Virgin with the destiny of Jesus. This union, which is manifested from the prodigious conception of the Saviour, with the participation of the Mother in the mission of the Son and, above all, in her association with his redemptive sacrifice, cannot fail to demand a continuation after death. Perfectly united to the life and salvific work of Jesus, Mary shares in his heavenly destiny in soul and body.
4. The aforementioned Bull Munificentissimus Deus, by making reference to the participation of the woman of the Proto-gospel in the struggle against the serpent and by recognizing in Mary the New Eve, presents the Assumption as the consequence of Mary’s union with Christ’s redeeming work. In this regard it affirms: "Consequently, just as the glorious Resurrection of Christ was an essential part and the ultimate trophy of this victory, thus it was necessary that the combat undergone by the Holy Virgin, united to her Son, should end with the glorification of her virginal body" (AAS 42 , 768).
The Assumption is therefore the culmination of the struggle which engaged the generous love of Mary in the redemption of humanity and is the fruit of her unique participation in the victory of the Cross."
The Assumption of Mary in the tradition of the Church
Catechesis with St JPII
"4. Looking at the mystery of the Virgin's Assumption it is possible to understand the plan of divine Providence relative to humanity: after Christ, the Verb Incarnate, Mary is the human creature who realises first the eschatological ideal, anticipating the fullness of happiness, promised to the elect through the resurrection of bodies.
In the Assumption of the Virgin we can also see the divine will to promote woman.
By analogy to that which happened at the origin of the human race and of the history of salvation, in God’s project the eschatological ideal was to be revealed not in an individual, but in a couple. Thus in heavenly glory, beside Christ risen, there is a woman raised up, Mary: the new Adam and the new Eve, the first-fruits of the general resurrection of the bodies of all humanity.
The eschatological condition of Christ and that of Mary certainly should not be placed on the same level. Mary, the new Eve, received from Christ, the new Adam, the fullness of grace and of heavenly glory, having been raised up through the Holy Spirit by the sovereign power of the Son.
5. Although succinct, these notes allow us to shine light on the fact that the Assumption of Mary reveals the nobility and dignity of the human body.
Faced with the profanation and debasement to which modern society frequently subjects, in particular, the female body, the mystery of the Assumption proclaims the supernatural destiny and dignity of every human body, called by the Lord to become an instrument of holiness and to participate in his glory.
Mary entered into glory because she welcomed the Son of God in her virginal womb and in her heart. By looking at her, the Christian learns to discover the value of his own body and to guard it as a temple of God, while waiting for the resurrection.
The Assumption, a privilege granted to the Mother of God, thus constitutes an immense value for the life and destiny of humanity."
Catechesis by Benedict XVI
Since the 1st centuries of Christianity, the Christian people has always found this feast deeply stirring; as is well known, it celebrates the glorification, also in body, of that creature whom God chose as Mother and whom Jesus on the Cross gave as Mother to the whole of humanity. The Assumption evokes a mystery that concerns each one of us because, as the Second Vatican Council affirms, Mary "shines forth on earth... a sign of certain hope and comfort to the pilgrim People of God" (Lumen Gentium, n 68). However, taken up by the events of each day, one can sometimes forget this comforting spiritual reality that constitutes an important truth of faith.
So how can it be ensured that this luminous sign of hope is ever more clearly perceived by all of us and by contemporary society? Some people today live as if they never had to die or as if, with death, everything were over; others, who hold that man is the one and only author of his own destiny, behave as though God did not exist, and at times they even reach the point of denying that there is room for him in our world. Yet, the great breakthroughs of technology and science that have considerably improved humanity's condition leave unresolved the deepest searchings of the human soul. Only openness to the mystery of God, who is Love, can quench the thirst for truth and happiness in our hearts; only the prospect of eternity can give authentic value to historical events and especially to the mystery of human frailty, suffering and death.
In contemplating Mary in heavenly glory, we understand that the earth is not the definitive homeland for us either, and that if we live with our gaze fixed on eternal goods we will one day share in this same glory and the earth will become more beautiful. Consequently, we must not lose our serenity and peace even amid the thousands of daily difficulties. The luminous sign of Our Lady taken up into Heaven shines out even more brightly when sad shadows of suffering and violence seem to loom on the horizon. We may be sure of it: from on high, Mary follows our footsteps with gentle concern, dispels the gloom in moments of darkness and distress, reassures us with her motherly hand. Supported by awareness of this, let us continue confidently on our path of Christian commitment wherever Providence may lead us.
Let us forge ahead in our lives under Mary's guidance.